Full spectrum

The Endocannabinoid System

It has only relatively recently (1990’s) been discovered that humans (and other mammals) possess an endocannabinoid system. This is a system in which the body naturally produces cannabinoid molecules and uses them in a variety of physiological processes. The endocannabinoid system consists of the endocannabinoid molecules (cannabinoid molecules produced by the body), cannabinoid receptors, enzymes that produce (and destroy) the cannabinoid molecules, and the neurons, neural pathways and associated cells.

The endocannabinoid system has been determined to be important in biological processes associated with memory, appetite, metabolism regulation, stress function, immune function, reproduction, sleep regulation, body temperature regulation and autonomic nervous system regulation (such as digestion, urinary activity and reproductive systems). This biological system has been found to be involved in pushing the body toward homeostasis—meaning that it is involved with normalizing functions that are out of balance. An example of this is at the site of an injury, cannabinoids are present and believed to be regulating the release of “sensitizers” from the injured tissue, stabilizing the nerve cells and calming pro-inflammation releasing cells. 

Two types of endocannabinoid receptors have been found—CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor is primarily active in the brain, whereas the CB2 receptor is primarily active in the immune system. THC has been found to bind strongly to the CB1 receptor and cause the psychoactive response felt with marijuana. CBD on the other hand, does not bind to either type of receptor. Instead, it is known to block THC from binding to the CB1 receptor, thus decreasing the “high” from marijuana. The specific action of CBD is not as well understood, but it is believed to enhance the activity of the naturally produced endocannabinoids. Research has shown the ingestion of cannabinoids can signal the body to produce more endocannabinoids and build more cannabinoid receptors. The presence of more receptors in turn increases a person’s sensitivity to cannabinoids and therefore increases one’s endocannabinoid activity.

But while research has shown a synergistic effect when combining THC and CBD, many people don’t want the psychoactive effects of THC or the legal ramifications of that molecule (drug testing at work, for example). The best alternative, we believe, is taking the full-spectrum product from high CBD, ultra-low THC extract derived from hemp.  We believe the small levels of THC (less than .3%) and the other dozen or so cannabinoid molecules present in the full-spectrum extract enhances the activity of the CBD over a CBD isolate.

The presence of the endocannabinoid system and its positive effects on a wide variety of biological processes has helped explain how ingesting this one plant can have so many benefits. That people are trying this product—and getting results—has created a grassroots groundswell that is encouraging scientific research into better understanding the specific biological pathways of its effects.

We are encouraged by this and we look forward to understanding this important system. We want to learn how we can make the effects stronger and make ourselves both feel better and be healthier.   

Be well, friends!


Why Full Spectrum?

Hypatia Extracts only makes full-spectrum hemp products. 

That means all of our products contain the full range of chemical components naturally occurring in the hemp plant—the largest concentration of these is CBD: cannabidiol. 

This molecule has been found to have a diverse set of beneficial properties for both humans and animals. These include anti-inflammation properties, analgesic (pain blocking) properties, anti-convulsive properties, and anti-anxiety properties, among others. You can obtain isolated CBD products from other companies, but we believe keeping the full, botanical composition is best. 


Because the full-spectrum oil contains additional cannabinoid compounds with similar and additional benefits to CBD. Research has found there to be a synergistic effect with the naturally occurring cannabinoids—where the benefits are magnified when consumed in combination.  Further, there are additional valuable compounds such as omega fatty acids, terpenes, and chlorophyll which have beneficial health properties as well. 

Processing the hemp extract to yield CBD isolate—the way some other companies do—requires the use of harsh chemicals that are neither environmentally friendly nor particularly healthy for the workers. You will see other companies advertising full-spectrum oils that are, unfortunately, extracted using harsh chemicals as well. 

We use a dry sift method that doesn’t need any chemical solvent and produces a clean, healthy, environmentally friendly product. 

We hope you will try our product and experience the benefits of the full-spectrum oils and appreciate the pure nature of the product and the environmentally-friendly process with which it is made. 

Be well friends!